Thursday, 28 de November de 2019

Greenhouse gas emissions have not reduced in the atmosphere of the world, a report by the United Nations (UN) confirms. This shows a grave disregard for the Paris Agreement on Climate Change by the countries of the world, showing a preference for profit over climate protection and endangering the lives of the future generations who would have to deal with severe weather patterns, rising temperatures, more extreme weather, water stress, sea-level rise and disruption to marine and land ecosystems.

The cause of the climate is a transnational issue and despite each country's different carbon footprint, the phenomenon of climate change will affect countries of the globe unequivocally.

The United States of America (USA) has withdrawn from the Paris Agreement, signaling that the world superpower does not believe in climate activism and the current US President denies the existence of climate change altogether. If the greatest nations in the world will not rally behind this cause, it is very unlikely that it will receive the attention it deserves. Activists like Greta Thunberg are making the debate a household issue, however, their concern has to be backed by governments of the world.

If the West does not adopt a strategy to counter climate change, countries like Pakistan will also suffer a great deal. Pakistan has been listed as one of the countries to be adversely affected by climate change, despite its own carbon footprint being significantly low. If the actions of other nations are impacting the environment of other nations, then all need to take responsibility and act in the best interest of the planet.

The weather conditions developing now, the Earth witnessed such conditions some 3 to 5 million years ago. In order to avoid the harm, it is important to follow the plan laid out in the Paris Agreement.


Countries will have to increase their carbon-cutting ambitions five fold if the world is to avoid warming by more than 1.5C, the UN says.

The annual emissions gap report shows that even if all current promises are met, the world will warm by more than double that amount by 2100.

Hot on the heels of the World Meteorological Organization’s report on greenhouse gas concentrations, the UN Environment Programme (Unep) has published its regular snapshot of how the world is doing in cutting levels of these pollutants.

The emissions gap report looks at the difference between how much carbon needs to be cut to avoid dangerous warming - and where we are likely to end up with the promises that countries have currently committed to, in the Paris climate agreement.

The UN assessment is fairly blunt. “The summary findings are bleak,” it says. “Countries collectively failed to stop the growth in global greenhouse gas emissions, meaning that deeper and faster cuts are now required.”

The report says that emissions have gone up by 1.5% per year in the last decade. In 2018, the total reached 55 gigatonnes of CO2 equivalent. This is putting the Earth on course to experience a temperature rise of 3.2C by the end of this century.

Just last year, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warned that allowing temperatures to rise more than 1.5 degrees this century would have hugely damaging effects for human, plant and animal life across the planet.

This report says that to keep this target alive, the world needs to cut emissions by 7.6% every year for the next 10 years.

“Our collective failure to act early and hard on climate change means we now must deliver deep cuts to emissions - over 7% each year, if we break it down evenly over the next decade,” said Inger Andersen, Unep’s executive director.

The report pays particular attention to the actions of the richest countries. The group of the 20 wealthiest (G20) are responsible for 78% of all emissions. But so far, only the EU, the UK, Italy and France have committed to long-term net zero targets.



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